13th International Conference on Development of Drylands

About Rajasthan


The ‘Land Of Kings’, “Rajasthan”, its the largest state in the Republic of India covering the area by 342,239 square kilometers (132,139 sq mi) or you can say 10.4% of total area of the country. Its situated on the northwestern side of India. Where most of the area is covered by the inhospitable Thar Desert, also known as “Rajasthan Desert and Great Indian Desert”. To the northwest Rajasthan shares border with provinces of Pakistani Punjab and Sindh to the west, along with the Sutlej-Indus river valley. On the other side it is bordered with 5 other Indian states: to north Punjab, the northeast Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh to southeast and Gujarat to the southwest.

Major features of Rajasthan includes:

  • Ruins of Indus Valley Civilisation at Kalibanga
  • The Dilwara Temples, a Jain pilgrimage site at only hill station of Rajasthan, Mount Abu in the ancient Aravalli mountain range.
  • The Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site known for its bird life.
  • Tiger reserves in Rajathan: Ranthambore National Park (Sawai Madhopur), Sariska Tiger Reserve (Alwar), Mukundra Hill Tiger Reserve (Kota).

Rajasthan state was formed on 30th March 1949. Jaipur is the state capital and the largest city, other popular cities are Jodhpur, Kota, Bikaner Ajmer, Jaisalmer and Udaipur.

Tourist Attraction

In year 2009-2010 Rajasthan hosted 14% of total foreign visitor, which among the Indian states is 4th highest. Tourism is thriving industry of Rajasthan. Most preferred destinations of Rajasthan are:

Jaipur Photo


  • Known for: Heritage, Forts, Shopping, Cuisine.
  • Tourist Attractions: City Palace, Amer Fort, Pink City Bazaars.
  • Places Nearby: Ajmer, Sawai Madhopur, Pushkar.
  • Visit Time: 2 days or more.
Jodhpur Photo


  • Known for: Heritage, Forts, Cuisine.
  • Tourist Attractions: Mehrangarh Fort, Umaid Bhawan Palace.
  • Places Nearby: Osian, Phalodi, Ranakpur, Khichan
  • Visit Time: 1 day.
Udaipur Photo


  • Known for: Heritage, Forts, Lakes, Weddings.
  • Tourist Attractions: City Palace, Lake Pichola, Lake Palace.
  • Places Nearby: Nathdwara, Kumbhalgarh, Mount Abu.
  • Visit Time: 2 days.
Jaisalmer Photo


  • Known for: Heritage, Thar Desert, Havelis.
  • Tourist Attractions: Jaisalmer Fort, Desert Festival, Museums, Sam Sand Dunes.
  • Places Nearby: Lodurva, Barmer.
  • Visit Time: 2 days.
Bikaner Photo


  • Known for: Heritage, Cuisine, Rat Temple.
  • Tourist Attractions: Junagarh Fort, Karni Mata Temple.
  • Places Nearby: Churu, Salasar, Nagaur.
  • Visit Time: Half to 1 day.
Pushkar Photo


  • Known for: Lord Brahma, Hinduism, Camel Safari.
  • Tourist Attractions: Pushkar Lake, Brahma Temple.
  • Places Nearby: Ajmer, Jaipur.
  • Visit Time: Half day.
Sawai Madhopur Photo

Sawai Madhopur

  • Known for: Tigers, Wildlife.
  • Tourist Attractions: Ranthambore National Park, Ranthambore Fort.
  • Nearby Places: Jaipur, Bundi.
  • Visit Time: 1 day or less.
Chittorgarh Photo


  • Known for: History, Heritage, Forts.
  • Tourist Attractions: Chittorgarh Fort, Rani Padmini Palace.
  • Places Nearby: Bhilwara, Udaipur.
  • Visit Time: Half day.
Mount Abu Photo

Mount Abu

  • Known for: Hill station, Nature, Jain Temples.
  • Tourist Attractions: Dilwara Jain Temple, Nakki Lake.
  • Places Nearby: Udaipur, Sirohi.
  • Visit Time: 1-2 days.
Ajmer Photo


  • Known for: Sufism, Dargah.
  • Tourist Attraction: Ajmer Sharif Dargah.
  • Places Nearby: Pushkar, Jaipur.
  • Visit Time: upto 6 hours.