13th ICDD Second Circular
13th International Conference on Development of Drylands

About Jodhpur (Sun City)

Jodhpur

Overview

Rajasthan, the land embellished with infinite imprints of colour and chivalry, harmonious life and lingering music, harmony and hospitality, palaces and pristine nature; has been extending an invigorating invitation to the world, since time immemorial. Jodhpur, the heart of Rajasthan and the majestic jewel of her eternal crown, illuminate the Thar, enriching the desert with entrepreneurship, scholarship and art.

Jodhpur was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha, a Rajput chief belonging to the Rathore clan. Rao Jodha succeeded in conquering the surrounding territory and thus founded a state which came to be known as Marwar. As Rao Jodha hailed from the nearby town of Mandore, that town initially served as the capital of this state; however, Jodhpur soon took over that role, even during the lifetime of Rao Jodha. The city was located on the strategic road linking Delhi to Gujarat.

Traditional Water Conservation System - Jhalaras

Traditional Water Conservation System - Jhalaras

Jhalaras are stepwells having tiered steps on three or four sides. They are man-made tanks typically square shape, used for religious functions and community bathing. The water collected in them came from the subterranean seepage of talab or a lake located upstream.

Maha Mandir Jhalara is the oldest Jhalara in India, located in Jodhpur, constructed in 1660. They are needed to be protected as they represent a beautiful example of architectural designs. Some of the jhalaras are now being used for irrigation purposes. Minning and industrial actions have destroyed some of the Jhalaras. There is an effective way for regenerating these jhalaras is Re-forestation. To use these Jhalaras for their original purpose desilting is needed.

Tourist Attraction

Mehrangarh

Mehrangarh

Mehrangarh Fort stands a hundred feet in splendour on a perpendicular cliff, four hundred feet above the skyline of Jodhpur. Burnished red stone, imposing, invincible and yet with a strange haunting beauty that beckons. Much has been written about the Citadel of the Sun, for truly, it is one of the most impressive in all Rajasthan. So colossal are its proportions that Rudyard Kipling called it “the work of giants”. Today, it is acknowledged as the finest living example of a Hindu fortress. It is the most magnificent fort in Jodhpur. It is situated on a 150m high hill. Rao Jodha, the then chief of Rathore clan, constructed it in 1459 A.D. There is a member of attraction within the fort like several palaces, galleries, a museum and temples and so on.

Umaid Bhawan

Umaid Bhawan

The Umaid Bhawan Palace at Jodhpur, India’s last great Palace was constructed between 1929 and 1944. The Palace was originally envisaged as a drought relief measure and the intention was to provide employment to over 3000 people afflicted by consecutive years of drought, Constructed in what can loosely be described as the Indo-Art-Deco style, this magnificent edifice with 347 rooms was the world’s largest private residence when it opened its doors as a royal residence in 1944. Named after The Late His Highness Maharaja Umaid Singhji, the palace has been the residence of Maharaja Umaid Singhji and his successors.

Mandore Garden

Mandore Garden

The natural beauty blended with historical significance makes it a great tourist attraction. Variety of tourists visits the garden to enjoy the dual attraction. The Dewals and Cenotaphs built inside the garden let you know a lot about the rulers of Rajasthan who used to rule the region. While visiting this garden, the remarkable feature of the garden that will surely attract your attention is the shape of the cenotaph. Moreover, the particular garden also helps in adding a new dimension to Jodhpur tours as if you had enough of forts and palace and the desert in Jodhpur, you can rejuvenate your soul by visiting this garden.

Kaylana Lake

Kaylana Lake

This artificial lake is spread over 84 square km. Where the lake now lies, was once an area having palaces and gardens of two rules of Jodhpur. An ideal picnic spot for tourists, this lake offers a breathtaking view of the sunset. At that time the sky looks like a canvas splashed with spectacular colours. Kaylana Lake is the perfect place to relax or have a picnic. If you are interested in birds, then, this place will further interest you. It served as a secured hunting place for the royal members.

Marketplaces

While vacationing in Jodhpur, the heritage city, no one would like to skip the chance of shopping. Those traditional Rajasthani fabrics, jewellery, artefacts, antiques, handicrafts and much more stuff won’t allow you to leave the city without visiting the marketplaces (bazaars) of Jodhpur. Here is the list of marketplaces you can visit for shopping -

  • Clock Tower Market

    Clock Tower or Ghanta Ghar is one of the best places in Jodhpur for shopping purposes. Go to the Clock Tower market, if you wish like to take home some finest spices, especially Mathaniys’s red chilli. Other things that you can get from this market include handicrafts, flavoured teas, hand-embroidered fabrics, and antiques.

  • Nai Sarak

    It’s the busiest marketplace of Jodhpur. Your shopping is incomplete if you do not buy the traditional Bandhej or Bandhani (tie and dye fabric). Go to this marketplace and pick up some beautiful bandhej suit pieces, sarees, dupattas, and turbans, these traditional cloth materials are wonderful gift items as well for your loved ones.

  • Mochi Bazaar (Cobblers Market)

    Mochi Bazar (Cobblers Market) is the best place to buy some famous Jodhpuri mojaris (Juttis). No wonder these amazing footwear are popular in India and overseas and are high in demand as they add beauty to any attire appending royalty with their beautiful colour, design, and leather.

  • Umaid Bhawan Palace Market

    Walk along the place that covers the distance between Umaid Bhawan and the Ajit Bhawan, offering you variety of items like: antiques, metal works, & designer furniture, handicraft items made of sequins, mirrors and beads, pottery, metal and marble works, brass and copperware, paintings, textiles, puppets, silver jewellery and more.

  • Kapraa Bazaar (Clothes Market)

    Here you can find some traditional clothes such as Rajasthani apparel – Leheriya. Originated in Jodhpur, this design is printed on dupattas, suits, and sarees. Cloth material like Bandej is largely available in this market. To get your hand on some traditional clothes having patterns of leheriya and bandhej visit Kapraa Bazaar.

Go out and visit these marketplaces to buy some traditional clothes, jewellery and variety of handicrafts and textile products.

Cuisines

Jodhpur is the originator of various dishes of India such as:

  • Makhaniya Lassi
  • Mawa Ki Kachori
  • Pyaaj Ki Kachori (kachori of onion)
  • Hot & Spicy Mirchi Bada
  • Dal Bati Churma
  • Lasan Ki Chutney (special gravy of garlic)
  • Mirchi Ka Kutii
  • Gatte Ki Sabzi
  • Ker Sangri Sabzi
  • Raab
  • Lapsi
  • Aate Ka Halwa
  • Kachara Mircha Sabzi
  • Kadhi Pakoda with Baajre Ka Sogra

Nearby Places

Osiyan Photo

1. Osian (Osiyan)

Osian (Osiyan), this ancient city is very famous for its architectural temples which were built in the medieval age. Situated at the edge of Thar Desert (The Great Indian Desert), the city can easily be reached anywhere from Rajasthan. From Jodhpur, Osian is about 65km in the north-west. One can reach the city by regular buses or by hiring taxis. There are approx 100 temples in Osian belonging to the sect of Hindus and Jains.

Among these temples, there are few popular temples who get great importance like:

Sachchiya Mata Temple
Sachchiya Mata Temple

Sachiya Mata Temple located in Osian city near Jodhpur, Rajasthan. The goddesses Sachiya was historically called as Shri Osian Mataji. The temple was build in the 8th century and was materialized in the 12th century. Goddess Sachi also was known as Indrani the wife of Lord Indra (God of Rain). There are two shrines in the temple which are dedicated to Chandi Devi and Amba Mata. The temple entrance has a series of beautifully sculpted arches.

There are beautiful images and sculptures of deities inside the temple, an image of Laxmi-Narayan is visible to the east side of the temple, and in the north sculpture of Varaha the incarnation of Lord Vishnu as a Boar.

This temple is a wonderful example of ancient architecture. The artistic excellence of the temple is worth watching.

Harihara Temples
Harihara Temples

The Osian city also possesses three Harihara Temples. Build on a raised platform, the temple is dedicated to Lod Harihara (a union of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu). First, two temples were built in the 8th century whereas the third one took its shape in the 9th century. All the temples look attractive and impressive with sculptures. As compared to the remaining temples of Osian the architecture of Harihara temple is little different and advanced.

Mahavir Jain Temple
Mahavir Jain temple

The city of Osian is famous for its architectural structures. The temple is dedicated to Lord Mahavira and was constructed by Raja Uthpaldev. Along with this, as you walk into the temple you will see images of other Gods and Goddesses as well. Carvings in the temple portray the life story of Lord Neminath.

To an extent, these temples have been destroyed by the ravages of time but their charm still attracts tourists to visit this ancient city of Osian.

Khichan

2. Khichan

Khichan is a village near to Jodhpur and is connect through Phalodi tehsil of state Rajasthan. Khichan is well known for the demoiselle cranes, who visit the village every year in winter in huge numbers. This yearly bird migration began in the 1970s with around a hundred cranes, when a village couple began feeding pigeons. Soon other villagers also joined the effort of the couple and as of 2014, Khichan currently hosts more than 20,000 demoiselle cranes from early August to late March of every year.

The village is greatly dominated by Rajpurohit. This desert village is situated 150km west of Jodhpur city. Phalodi is 3.4 km away and is the nearest town to the village.